Dating ranging from bed cycle and dieting intake for the cuatro- so you can fourteen-year-old Danish youngsters

Dating ranging from bed cycle and dieting intake for the cuatro- so you can fourteen-year-old Danish youngsters

A negative association between sleep duration and BMI has been observed in children. However, knowledge about the association between sleep duration and diet is limited. The objective was to examine the association between sleep duration and intake of foods and nutrients in children. In the present cross-sectional study, dietary intake and sleep duration were recorded by the parents for seven consecutive days in a food and sleep record in a representative sample of 802 4- to 14-year-old children. No sex differences were found regarding age and sleep duration. Sleep duration was negatively correlated to age (? = –0·68; P < 0·001) and BMI (? = –0·41; P < 0·001). In multiple linear regression analyses, sleep duration was not associated with energy intake (b = –0·015; P = 0·20), but there was a trend towards a positive association with intake of dietary fibre (b = 0·006; P = 0·05) and vegetables (b = 0·011; P = 0·05), and a negative association with intake of poultry (b = –0·002; P = 0·02), and a trend towards a negative association with intake of liquid ‘discretionary calories' (b = –0·01; P = 0·05). Furthermore, in a comparison of dietary intake between age-dependent tertiles of sleep duration, only intake of liquid ‘discretionary calories' was significantly lower in long sleepers than in short and medium sleepers ( P = 0·03). In conclusion, sleep duration was not associated with energy intake and the proposal that children with short sleep duration have less healthy eating habits than children with longer sleep duration was only weakly supported by the present findings.

Terminology

The newest prevalence out-of youth obesity are growing because a major health situation ( Resource Reilly step one ) . In a lot of knowledge, an awful otherwise U-designed relationship between sleep cycle and you may lbs position could have been observed for the children ( Resource Taveras, Rifas-Shiman and you may Oken 2 ) , youngsters ( Resource Cappuccio, Taggart and you can Kandala 3 , Resource Hitze, Bosy-Westphal and you will Bielfeldt cuatro ) , kids ( Site Hitze, Bosy-Westphal and you can Bielfeldt cuatro , Resource Garaulet, Ortega and you may Ruiz 5 ) and you may grownups ( Resource Cappuccio, Taggart and you will Kandala step three , Site Chaput, Despres and you can Bouchard six ) . Furthermore, meta-analyses analysing analysis out of knowledge in children have concluded that less sleep course are associated with large likelihood of being overweight ( Resource Cappuccio, Taggart and you may Kandala 3 ) . This might have long-title ramifications ( Reference Landhuis, Poulton and you may Welch seven ) due to the fact record regarding obese away from childhood to help you adulthood happen ( Site Wright, Emmett and you may Ness 8 ) , and so improving the chance of development specific low-communicable disorder, while the obese is actually for the specific low-communicable diseases ( Resource Lloyd, https://datingranking.net/es/date-me-review/ Langley-Evans and McMullen nine ) . The possibility dictate away from less bed cycle into the body weight balance isn’t realized. One to you are able to underlying components is the fact less sleep cycle helps make an enthusiastic effect on the latest hormone regulation from cravings. In reality, sleep disorders has been reported to reduce leptin profile, raise ghrelin membership, changes sugar homeostasis, and you may trigger the new orexin system ( Source Spiegel, Tasali and you will Leproult 10 ) . Also, faster bed period may additionally give overindulging and you can gaining weight of the enhancing the go out readily available for dining, particularly in the night where sedentary things, such as for example watching television, and you may snack into the extremely palatable and energy-thicker foods are ( Reference Chaput, Klingenberg and you may Astrup 11 ) .

Matchmaking anywhere between bed cycle and you can weight reduction intake during the 4- so you’re able to 14-year-old Danish pupils

When shortened bed stage causes sleepiness and you may/otherwise exhaustion during the daytime this may reduce determination if you are in person productive and render inactive habits rather. It offers ergo already been speculated that there surely is a connection anywhere between sleep course, Body mass index and you will exercise; but not, is a result of degree about it had been contradictory ( Site Garaulet, Ortega and Ruiz 5 , Source Ortega, Ruiz and you will Labayen several ) . Not totally all studies have examined the latest organization anywhere between bed period and losing weight high quality ( Reference Maddah, Rashidi and you may Mohammadpour 13 – Reference Westerlund, Beam and you may Roos 15 ) . This issue is especially associated out of a community wellness viewpoint while the increased energy consumption appears to be more possible explanation as so you can as to the reasons pupils with less bed years have a higher exposure to become fat.